Aspects of Hindu Morality

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Some have rejected it in favour of indigenous formulations. Finally, others, perhaps the majority, have simply accepted the term Hinduism or its analogues , especially hindu dharma Hindu moral and religious law , in various Indic languages.

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Since the early 20th century, textbooks on Hinduism have been written by Hindus themselves, often under the rubric of sanatana dharma. These efforts at self-explanation add a new layer to an elaborate tradition of explaining practice and doctrine that dates to the 1st millennium bce.

The term Hinduism

The roots of Hinduism can be traced back much farther—both textually, to the schools of commentary and debate preserved in epic and Vedic writings from the 2nd millennium bce , and visually, through artistic representations of yaksha s luminous spirits associated with specific locales and natural phenomena and naga s cobralike divinities , which were worshipped from about bce. The roots of the tradition are also sometimes traced back to the female terra-cotta figurines found ubiquitously in excavations of sites associated with the Indus valley civilization and sometimes interpreted as goddesses.

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Ethics in religion - Wikipedia

Smith Edward C. Dimock Vasudha Narayanan Ann G. Since God is the embodiment of truth and justice right action is the means to experience God realization. They deal with personal issues universal concerns and theories of creation. The Rg Veda and Atharva Veda, the hymns of the Vedas, are quite specific about action that can be seen as righteous and moral. Honesty, rectitude, friendship, charity, nonviolence, truthfulness, modesty, celibacy, religious worship and purity of heart are all listed as desirable and necessary virtues.

The Rg- veda also cities bad intentions, swearing, falsehood, gambling, egoism, cruelty, adultery, theft and injury to life as sinful actions. The Bhagwat Gita, a central text of Hinduism gives very specific ethical advise. Lord Krishna states that the correctness of the action should be the primary consideration when doing some thing.

Morality and Hinduism

He advises Arjuna always to act in accordance with dharma the ethical living. Further more he says, if Arjuna could experiences the Devine, his actions would spontaneously reflect absolute wisdom and purity and therefore all dilemmas would evaporable. In this instance the right course of action is to fight.

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A Hindu finds the ethics of Hinduism in the poems of Bhagavad-Gita. These were written at a time when there was attack on the establishment by reformers in order to maintain the order of the society. Gita teaches that by fulfilling his class function to the best of his ability, with devotion to God and without personal ambition, a man can find salvation, whatever his class. Other texts that that give insight into Hindu ethics also shaped the life of a Hindu. Hospitality, charity and honesty are extolled.

Piety, performance of religious worship and pilgrimage are also important. Eight virtues of the soul were mentioned in the law book of Gautama, namely compassion, patience, contentedness, purity, earnest endeavor, pure thoughts, freedom from greed, and freedom from envy. Tamil texts of Tiukkural and Naladiyar also stress on the moral codes. There are many stories in Hindu literature about morality and how best to behave. Deities advise and guide. According to Hinduism morality is a societal phenomenon and, since man creates societies, all morality is a concept created by man.

It follows, that morality is relative to our environment and does not apply to all persons at all times. Morality can only be relative and subjective; instead of objective, universal and absolute.

A Hindu is advised to contain and restrain all the emotions that may lead to a sinful existence. The moral codes of various texts repeatedly emphasize the importance of being aware of these ordinary but strong human emotions that lead to the disruptions of a harmonious society.

Core Beliefs of Hindus

Hinduism asserts that just as there is order in the universe, human life can be equally harmonious and orderly. Human society should express the Devine purpose. All people belong to social caste determined by character, natural inclination and function in society. Elaboration of the social code is found in the Mahabharata. Hindu thought divide life into 25 years stages, giving specific ethical advise for each. Members of family should always follow their duty children should respect and obey their parent wishes, husbands and wives ought to be loving and respectful advising their families and teaching moral values.

Actually it is practical application of the belief of oneness and therefore the sacredness of life. Evolution, and life itself, is due to the ability of a complex chemical compound to sense a threat to its continued existence and to react upon such impulse with an attempt to negate any incipient threat. We know this instinctive, automatic interaction with the environment as the survival instinct.

The importance given to spiritual life in India creates the interdependence between the mystical and the practical. Hinduism with all its complexity has unity at the heart of its diversity. There are some basic requirements that a Hindu should be aware of and follow. Personal discipline, good conduct, self-inquiry and meditation are important The highest good is the perfection of the self, or self-realization. It may also have its social frame of reference, envisioning and ideal social order as the ultimate objective of society.

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To lead people to behave in a way that benefits society at large rather than their own narrow self interest. To lead people to control their desires and aversions in the belief that this will result in a more satisfying, rewarding and contented way of life. Maheshwari, Ph.

Hinduism not a 'religion of the book'

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